This project will be implemented across two countries in two separate regions of the world both with unique environments. In Guatemala, the project will take place in the department of Chiquimula which is located in the southeastern part of the country. Chiquimula has a warm-arid climate (with some temperate areas in higher altitude) and is considered as one of the hottest areas of the country. The area has a range of protected natural areas such as the Area Veda Final volcano, Ipala volcano and lake and the Trifinio Biosphere Reserve. These areas are managed by the National Council for Protected Areas (CONAP). In Kenya the project will take place in the five Western counties of Trans-Nzoia, Bungoma, Busia, Kakamega and West Pokot. They vary in terrain and climate. Trans-Nzoia and Bungoma counties generally have undulating landscape while the terrain in Busia, Kakamega and West Pokot counties are fairly hilly. Trans-Nzoia, Busia, Kakamega and Bungoma are warm and wet while a significant proportion of West Pokot (33%) is hot and dry/semi-arid. Droughts in West Pokot are common due to the semi-arid nature of the area. Trans-Nzoia, Busia, Kakamega and Bungoma have a higher population density as compared to the semi-arid and mainly rural West Pokot.