Yavatmal India Comprehensive Food Security Project

In the fourth year of this program we will continue to address the challenges faced by farmers, and particularly women, the landless, sharecroppers and other vulnerable people in the Yavatmal area of Maraharastra, in India. In 2016, we will work with the original 500 farmers, the approximately 3,000 farmers added in 2015, and also expand the approach to add an additional approximately 750 new farmers in surrounding communities. CASA will continue to work with this full group through at least 2017 in order to achieve sustainable change at a significant scale. Many of these farmers are faced with debt burdens, due to the high rates charged by local lenders, and the need to use sufficient amounts of fertilizers and pesticides on the hybrid cotton seeds they buy. The farmers are also primarily engaged in cash-crop farming, and are therefore susceptible to local and international market price swings. Many do not have diversified sources of income, or food grown for household consumption that they can fall back on. In addition, some of the practices promoted by the government in past years, such as the promotion of cash crops for export and subsidy support for industries other than agriculture are harming the environment through excessive use of irrigation and fertilizers, and efforts need to be taken to reverse this trend. The program will work to improve land management over the regional watershed, introduce low-cost sustainable agricultural practices, build capacity of households in financing and marketing of agricultural and non-agricultural products, and to increase financial literacy and savings. In addition, they will assist farmers in advocating the government for the services that they are entitled to, such as support for families who have experienced a death, or services for those living below the national poverty line. CASA has a strong history of working on similar programming and hopes to bring their skills and experience to this region of India.

Activities

Planning 9 such activities will be undertaken by involving village, youth, farmers, women and panchayat members for identifying and planning natural resource management activities. 9 documents on watershed planning for 9 villages will be available., Continue construction of watershed management land structures, including, in 2016: 1 farm bund, 1 stone bund, deepening/widening of 1 nalla bund, 1 waterway, and 4 farm ponds, benefitting a total of approximately 700 acres of land., Continue watershed planning involving village, youth, farmers, women and panchayat members for identifying and planning natural resource management activities. 9 documents on watershed planning for 9 villages will be available by end 2016.,Conduct training programs on gender with 180 men and women to understand the importance of gender equality for development, in up to 4 villages., Conduct training on crop insurance with up to 100 farmers., Conduct trainings on the local governance system, with up to 40 participants. Assist community members to understand how the panchayat functions, their roles and responsibilities, and the benefits they can receive if they can work effectively., Support up to 100 farmers with crop insurance to help reduce their risk., Continue support for existing Self-Help Groups and farmers groups for women and farmers to support and share information with each other, in 12 villages., Conduct up to 6 NGO network meetings in order to collectively discuss farmers' issues and advocate for targeted causes., Support planting of up to 6000 fruit tree saplings for environmental regeneration and income generation. Trees will be planted and taken care of by individual families., Conduct training on disaster risk reduction and climate change to bring awareness on the changing climate scenario and its impact on the environment and the action/adaptation that needs to be taken. 1 program for participants from all villages., Provide psycho-social support to families which have experience a suicide, with up to 30 families. Follow up with families to enable them to access government relief options., Purchase and distribute up to 50 goats to continue adding to solidarity chain and improve resilience of households, in particular for the landless., Support targeted non-farm income generation activities, including for youth, artisans and post-harvesting practicing based on small group project proposals., At least 3 trainings conducted and 135 participants each taught how to take up dry land farming and crop diversification.,3 trainings on preparing organic pesticide and manure would be conducted for around 132 participants., 3 training programs on watershed activities will be conducted with 135 participants. They will learn about how to conserve water and harvest water.,1 training on government schemes with around 45 men and women to train them on schemes related to agriculture and other schemes applicable to poor communities., 2 entrepreneurship programs conducted for 70 youth participants to run collective income generation programs., Build their skills in cultivation of indigenous and organic seed cultivation and improve access to seed through cultivation of ~2 acres of land and support for 600 farmers of seed for mixed cropping.

Cross-cutting issues

Disaster Risk Reduction, Gender, Institution Strengthening

Locations

  • India>Maharashtra

Sectors

  • Agriculture
  • Disaster Prevention and Preparedness
  • Economic Recovery and Development
  • Environment
  • Capacity Strengthening for CSOs (general)
  • Gender

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